[155] Launched in 2015, the first three publications were titled Star Wars, Darth Vader, and the limited series Princess Leia. The Star Wars film series centers around three sets of trilogies, which are collectively referred to as the "Skywalker saga". [54][55][56] By 1974, he had expanded the story into the first draft of a screenplay. [171][172] In 1982, Parker Brothers published the first Star Wars video game for the Atari 2600, Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back,[173] followed soon the year later by Star Wars: Jedi Arena, the first video game to depict lightsaber combat. All future projects and creative developments across all types of media would be overseen and coordinated by the story group, announced as a division of Lucasfilm created to maintain continuity and a cohesive vision on the storytelling of the franchise. Existing works would no longer be considered canon to the franchise and subsequent reprints would be rebranded under the Star Wars Legends label,[110] with downloadable content for the massively multiplayer online game The Old Republic the only Legends material to still be produced. Lucasfilm has a number of Star Wars movies in development, two of which were confirmed during Disney Investor Day 2020. Platform games were made for the Nintendo Entertainment System, including the Japan-exclusive Star Wars (1987), an international Star Wars (1991), and Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1992). [259] Lucas's concept of a "used universe" particularly influenced Ridley Scott's Blade Runner (1982) and Alien (1979), James Cameron's Aliens (1986) as well as The Terminator (1984), George Miller's Mad Max 2 (1981), and Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–2003). The original trilogy depicts the heroic development of Luke Skywalker, the prequels tell the backstory of his father Anakin, while the sequels star Luke's nephew, Kylo Ren. A mystical power known as the Force is described in the original film as "an energy field created by all living things ... [that] binds the galaxy together". At 15, he wrote the music for Don Dohler's Nightbeast (1982). [200] Star Wars was the first intellectual property to be licensed in Lego history. [250] The commercial success of Star Wars created a boom in state-of-the-art special effects in the late 1970s. Abrams planned on going to dental school, but decided to study film at Sarah Lawrence College. [179][178][180][181] The game was well received,[182][183][184] and it was followed by four sequels. Illicit activities include smuggling and slavery. [163], Radio adaptations of the films were also produced. In 1951, exhibitors voted him the most popular British star. [129][130][131], Del Rey took over Star Wars book publishing in 1999, releasing what would become a 19-installment novel series called The New Jedi Order (1999–2003). Star Wars: Rogue Squadron director Patty Jenkins has revealed that the movie’s story treatment is almost finished. Shadows of the Empire (1996) was a multimedia project set between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi that included a novel by Steve Perry, a comic book series, a video game, and action figures. December 14, 2020 by: Kevin Fraser. Star Wars features elements such as knighthood, chivalry, and Jungian archetypes such as "the shadow". [66] A theatrical rerelease of the original trilogy in 1997 "updated" the 20-year-old films with the style of CGI envisioned for the new trilogy. We also want the chance to scrutinize and pick apart any director Lucasfilm announces to be heading to a galaxy far, far away. [161] Williams also created the main theme for Galaxy's Edge. [230], Palpatine being a chancellor before becoming the Emperor in the prequel trilogy alludes to Hitler's role before appointing himself Führer. [75][76], Lucas decided to leave the franchise in the hands of other filmmakers, announcing in January 2012 that he would make no more Star Wars films. [68], Prior to releasing the original film, and made possible by its success, Lucas planned "three trilogies of nine films. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker director JJ Abrams has responded to John Boyega's vow that he will risk his career to support the Black Lives Matter movement.. Three series set in the prequel era were introduced for younger audiences: the 18-book Jedi Apprentice (1999–2002) chronicles the adventures of Obi-Wan Kenobi and his master Qui-Gon Jinn in the years before The Phantom Menace; the 11-book Jedi Quest (2001–2004) follows Obi-Wan and his own apprentice, Anakin Skywalker in between The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones; and the 10-book The Last of the Jedi (2005–2008), set almost immediately after Revenge of the Sith, features Obi-Wan and the last few surviving Jedi. [134] A massively multiplayer online role-playing game, Star Wars Galaxies, was in operation from 2003 until 2011. [230] The franchise helped Fox to change from an almost bankrupt production company to a thriving media conglomerate. She’s keeping quiet about who the screenwriter is, though. Fans Petition Star Wars to Include First Gay Character. [78] The co-chairman of Lucasfilm, Kathleen Kennedy, became president of the company and served as executive producer of new Star Wars feature films. The first officially licensed electronic Star Wars game was Kenner's 1979 table-top Star Wars Electronic Battle Command. Within three weeks of the film's release, the studio's stock price doubled to a record high. [59][74] However, after beginning work on the prequel trilogy, Lucas insisted that Star Wars was meant to be a six-part series and that there would be no sequel trilogy. During his late teen years, he went to Thomas Downey High School and was very much interested in drag racing. 3. From 1976 to 2014, the term Expanded Universe (EU) was an umbrella term for all officially licensed Star Wars storytelling material set outside the events depicted within the theatrical films, including novels, comics, and video games. The final film in the trilogy, Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was released on May 25, 1983. Lucasfilm founded its own video game company in 1982, becoming best known for adventure games and World War II flight combat games, but as George Lucas took more interest in the increasing success of the video game market, he wanted to have more creative control over the games, and founded his own development company, LucasArts. Focused on how the Rebels obtained the Death Star plans introduced in the 1977 film, the first anthology film, Rogue One, was released on December 16, 2016, to favorable reviews and box office success. World War II terms were used for names in the films; e.g. [148] Marvel's Star Wars series was one of the industry's top selling titles in 1979 and 1980. I kept taking out all the good parts, and I just kept telling myself I would make other movies someday."[64]. [162], The first Star Wars audio work is The Story of Star Wars, an LP using audio samples from the original film and a new narration to retell the story, released in 1977. [179] It featured gameplay and graphical features not then common in other games, made possible by LucasArts' custom-designed game engine, the Jedi. [209] Dozens of series have been produced, with Topps being the licensed creator in the United States. Some are based directly on the movie material, while others rely heavily on the non-canonical Expanded Universe (rebranded as Star Wars Legends and removed from the canon in 2014). "[221], Political science has been an important element of Star Wars since the franchise launched in 1977, focusing on a struggle between democracy and dictatorship. [120] In The Courtship of Princess Leia (1994) by Dave Wolverton, set immediately before the Thrawn trilogy, Leia considers an advantageous political marriage to Prince Isolder of the planet Hapes, but she and Han ultimately marry. [159], John Williams composed the soundtracks for the nine episodic films; he has stated that he will retire from the franchise with The Rise of Skywalker. Each trilogy focuses on a generation of the Force-sensitive Skywalker family. Read on to know. Disney partnered with Lenovo to create the augmented reality video game Jedi Challenges, released in November 2017. [51] In February 2020, a film was announced to be in development from director J. D. Dillard and writer Matt Owens.[52]. [235][236], On the inspiration for the First Order formed "from the ashes of the Empire", The Force Awakens director J. J. Abrams spoke of conversations the writers had about how the Nazis could have escaped to Argentina after WWII and "started working together again. Star Wars: Rogue Squadron director Patty Jenkins shares update on script. In the DVD commentary of the original Star Wars, Lucas says that Guinness was not happy with the script rewrite in which Obi-Wan is killed. Patty Jenkins doesn't mind the pressure of being the first female director to take on a Star Wars movie. [121][122] Steve Perry's Shadows of the Empire (1996), set between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, was part of a multimedia campaign that included a comic book series and video game. Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, the first PG-13 film in the franchise, was released on May 19, 2005. [i] Episode VII was met with both critical and box office success, and Episode VIII, while also meeting critical and financial success, had a mixed reception from audiences. [140][141][142][143] Original Star Wars comics were serialized in the Marvel magazine Pizzazz between 1977 and 1979. In 1977, the board game Star Wars: Escape from the Death Star was released. However, unlike Jesus, Anakin falls from grace, remaining evil as Darth Vader until Return of the Jedi. The Star Wars franchise depicts the adventures of characters "A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away",[5] in which humans and many species of aliens (often humanoid) co-exist with robots, or 'droids', who may assist them in their daily routines; space travel between planets is common due to lightspeed hyperspace technology. Gareth James Edwards (born 13 July 1975) is a Welsh film director, film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, production designer, and visual effects artist. The flag and iconography of the Empire resembles those of the Nazi Party and Germany during its rule. Technical advances in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including the ability to create computer-generated imagery (CGI), inspired Lucas to consider that it might be possible to revisit his saga. Together with the theatrical live action spin-off films Rogue One (2016) and Solo (2018), the combined box office revenue of the films equates to over US$10 billion,[3] and it is currently the second-highest-grossing film franchise of all time.[4]. [9] Through training and meditation, those whom "the Force is strong with" are able to perform various superpowers (such as telekinesis, precognition, telepathy, and manipulation of physical energy). [265][266], This article is about the media franchise as a whole. Following its acquisition of the franchise, Disney reassigned video game rights to Electronic Arts. [215] A defining step of the journey is "Atonement with the Father". He was a director and producer, known for Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi (1983), Jagged Edge (1985) and Nowhere to Run (1993). [160] He also composed Han Solo's theme for Solo: A Star Wars Story; John Powell adapted and composed the rest of the score. [42] They were produced non-chronologically, with Episodes IV–VI (the original trilogy) being released between 1977 and 1983, Episodes I–III (the prequel trilogy) being released between 1999 and 2005, and Episodes VII–IX (the sequel trilogy), being released between 2015 and 2019. Lucas, a fan of the NPR-affiliated campus radio station of his alma mater the University of Southern California, licensed the Star Wars radio rights to KUSC-FM for US$1. The franchise has been expanded into various films and other media, including television series, video games, novels, comic books, theme park attractions, and themed areas, comprising an all-encompassing fictional universe. [241] The film can be said to have helped launch the science-fiction boom of the late 1970s and early 1980s, making science-fiction films a mainstream genre. [228] Shots of the commanders looking through AT-AT walker viewscreens in The Empire Strikes Back resemble tank interiors,[229] and space battles in the original film were based on World War I and World War II dogfights. [202] The Lego Star Wars video games are critically acclaimed bestsellers.[203][204]. Each card series are of film stills or original art. While filming the original 1977 film, George Lucas decided to take a $500,000 pay cut to his salary as director in exchange for full ownership of the franchise's merchandising rights. [210] From 1995 until 2001, Decipher, Inc. had the license for, created, and produced the Star Wars Customizable Card Game. Film director J.J. Abrams requested that Bauersfeld once again play Ackbar in the 2015 film Star Wars: The Force Awakens. [227] Lucas has also drawn parallels to historical dictators such as Julius Caesar, Napoleon Bonaparte, and politicians like Richard Nixon. [168], In 1983, Buena Vista Records released an original, 30-minute Star Wars audio drama titled Rebel Mission to Ord Mantell, written by Daley. Involving the majority of the current officially licensed publishers, a new era set 200 years before the Skywalker Saga will be explored in various books and comics. [257] Numerous filmmakers have been influenced by Star Wars, including Damon Lindelof, Dean Devlin, Roland Emmerich, John Lasseter,[258] David Fincher, Joss Whedon, John Singleton, Kevin Smith,[252] and later Star Wars directors J. J. Abrams and Gareth Edwards. Prior to 1977, 20th Century Fox's greatest annual profits were $37 million, while in 1977, the company broke that record by posting a profit of $79 million. These include ongoing titles by Marvel and IDW Publishing, written by Cavan Scott and Daniel José Older respectively, that will both premiere in August 2020. Lucasfilm and Kennedy have stated that the standalone films would be referred to as the Star Wars anthology series[45] (though the word anthology has not been used in any of the titles, instead carrying the promotional "A Star Wars Story" subtitle). [199], Kenner made the first Star Wars action figures to coincide with the release of the original film, and today the original figures are highly valuable. [113][114], Timothy Zahn's bestselling Thrawn trilogy (1991–1993) reignited interest in the franchise and introduced the popular characters Grand Admiral Thrawn, Mara Jade, Talon Karrde, and Gilad Pellaeon. The Star Wars saga that started in 1977 is about to complete its story with J.J. Abrams' Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker in December, and fans want to know what is the next chapter in a new Star Wars trilogy. The following eras were defined in January 2021:[12], The Expanded Universe of spin-off media depicts different levels of continuity, which were deemed non-canonical and rebranded as Legends on April 25, 2014, to make most subsequent works align to the episodic films, The Clone Wars film, and television series.[2]. [151] Dark Horse subsequently launched dozens of series set after the original film trilogy, including Tales of the Jedi (1993–1998), X-wing Rogue Squadron (1995–1998), Star Wars: Republic (1998–2006), Star Wars Tales (1999–2005), Star Wars: Empire (2002–2006), and Knights of the Old Republic (2006–2010). ", "Paperback Best Sellers: February 22, 1998 (, "Paperback Best Sellers: August 29, 1999 (, "The Rebels Face Grand Admiral Thrawn When, "Leaving an Imprint: 10 Defunct MARVEL Publishing Lines: Star Comics", "Disney to Acquire Marvel Entertainment for $4B", "LUCASFILM TO LAUNCH STAR WARS: THE HIGH REPUBLIC PUBLISHING CAMPAIGN IN 2020", "John Williams says he's only got one more of these damn, "John Williams in Disneyland: The Story Behind His 'Star Wars: Galaxy's Edge' Theme", "A new Star Wars audio-only novel will explore Count Dooku and Asajj Ventress' backstory", "Mark Hamill (2), Anthony Daniels (2), Billy Dee Williams, John Lithgow - The Empire Strikes Back - The Original Radio Drama", "Star Wars Infographic: 40 Years in Gaming", "LucasArts Entertainment Company: 20th Anniversary (Part Two: The Classics, 1990–1994)", "Today's hot first-person 3-D shoot-'em-ups", "Disney shuttering LucasArts, moving to licensed games model", "Lenovo, Disney launch 'Star Wars' Jedi augmented reality game that lets you use a Lightsaber", "How Jedi Challenges Brings Star Wars to Life at Home", "Zynga Partners With Disney For New 'Star Wars' Games", "Star Wars: Galaxy's Edge Sets Opening Dates", "Disney's Star Wars land named Galaxy's Edge, includes resort", "Convention celebrates 'Star Wars milestone", "The Real Force Behind 'Star Wars': How George Lucas Built an Empire", "Lego gets Lord Of The Rings and Hobbit licence", "Star Wars Episode 7 News - New LEGO Star Wars Mini-Series Retelling the Whole Saga Coming to DisneyXD", "April 2009's Top 10 Game Sales, By Platform", "Risk Star Wars: The Original Trilogy Edition", "Star Wars Promotional Trading Card List", "Adam Driver's Kylo Ren unmasked as real star of Star Wars: The Force Awakens", "The Force Returns: George Lucas Before the "Star Wars" Prequels", "In The Last Jedi, Rey's Journey in the Mirror Cave Echoes a Star Wars Cycle", "Joseph Campbell's Hero's Journey #9: Atonement with the Father", "Always Two: How Matters of Trust Built and Broke Anakin Skywalker and Obi-Wan Kenobi", "Becoming Sidious - Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith", "The 13 Most Influential Plot Twists In Cinema History", "Every 'The Last Jedi' Clue About Rey's Parents, Explained", "Who the Heck Was the Broom Kid at the End of 'The Last Jedi'? [205][k] A Star Wars Monopoly and themed versions of Trivial Pursuit and Battleship were released in 1997, with updated versions released in subsequent years. There are also many references to Christianity, such as in the appearance of Darth Maul, whose design draws heavily from traditional depictions of the devil. Writer | Star Wars. [249], Star Wars fundamentally changed the aesthetics and narratives of Hollywood films, switching the focus of Hollywood-made films from deep, meaningful stories based on dramatic conflict, themes and irony to sprawling special-effects-laden blockbusters, as well as changing the Hollywood film industry in fundamental ways. In 1971, George Lucas wanted to film an adaptation of the Flash Gordon serial, but could not obtain the rights, so he began developing his own space opera. Episode VII: The Force Awakens was released on December 16, 2015, Episode VIII: The Last Jedi on December 13, 2017, and Episode IX: The Rise of Skywalker on December 18, 2019, in many countries. Most later printed novels were adapted into audio novels, usually released on cassette tape and re-released on CD. Victoria Mahoney was the first woman on a Star Wars directing team working as second-unit director on The Rise of Skywalker. From 1976 to 2014, the term Expanded Universe (EU) was an umbrella term for all officially licensed Star Wars storytelling material set outside the events depicted within the theatrical films, including novels, comics, and video games. From the critically acclaimed dramas A Beautiful Mind (2001) and Apollo 13 (1995) to the hit comedies Parenthood (1989) and Splash (1984), he has created some of Hollywood's most memorable films.Howard ... Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back, Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi. [49][50] In September 2019, it was announced that Kathleen Kennedy and Kevin Feige would collaborate to develop a Star Wars film. [71] At various stages of development, the sequel trilogy was to focus on the rebuilding of the Republic,[72] the return of Luke in a role similar to that of Obi-Wan in the original trilogy,[69] Luke's sister (not yet determined to be Leia),[61] Han, Leia,[73] R2-D2 and C-3PO. It was broadcast on National Public Radio in 1981, adapting the original 1977 film into 13 episodes. The Star Wars canon was subsequently restructured to only include the existing six feature films, the animated film The Clone Wars (2008), and its companion animated series. After graduating from high school, he went on to attend the University of Southern California School of Cinematic Arts. Director Rian Johnson considered including Anakin Skywalker's Force ghost in Star Wars: The Last Jedi.Released in 2016, the film was the middle entry in Disney's Star Wars sequel trilogy, directly picking up from the ending of J.J. Abrams' Star Wars: The Force Awakens.Aside from continuing the journeys of new characters like Rey, Finn, Poe, and Kylo Ren, it also finally revealed what Luke Skywalker had been … While most "base" or "common card" sets are plentiful, many "insert" or "chase cards" are very rare. His father was a stationery store ... 2. [86], The Star Wars franchise has been spun off to various television productions, including two animated series released in the mid-1980s. [59] Most of the main cast would return for the two additional installments of the original trilogy, which were self-financed by Lucasfilm. [161] Michael Giacchino composed the score of Rogue One. [220] According to Inverse, the final scene in The Last Jedi, which depicts servant children playing with a toy of Luke and one boy using the Force, symbolizes that "the Force can be found in people with humble beginnings. [177] The Rogue Squadron series was released between 1998 and 2003, also focusing on space battles set during the films. According to Adam Driver, sequel trilogy villain Kylo Ren, who idolizes Vader, believes he is "doing what he thinks is right". Other performers. [156][157][158], First announced as Project Luminous at Star Wars Celebration in April 2019, full details of a publishing initiative called Star Wars: The High Republic were revealed in a press conference in February 2020. [165][169] In the 1990s, Time Warner Audio Publishing adapted several Star Wars series from Dark Horse Comics into audio dramas: the three-part Dark Empire saga, Tales of the Jedi, Dark Lords of the Sith, the Dark Forces trilogy, and Crimson Empire (1998). [61] In 1980, Lucas confirmed that he had the nine-film series plotted,[62] but due to the stress of producing the original trilogy, he had decided to cancel further sequels by 1981. Now, after watching like the rest of us, Kong: Skull Island director Jordan Vogt-Roberts has shared his feelings on the new season and how impactful Star Wars has been to his career as a whole. Despite this, more anthology films are expected to be released,[85] following a hiatus after 2019's The Rise of Skywalker. Anushka Pathania . [77] In October of that year, the Walt Disney Company agreed to buy Lucasfilm and announced that Episode VII would be released in 2015. [6][7][8] Spacecraft range from small starfighters, to huge capital ships such as the Star Destroyers, to space stations such as the moon-sized Death Stars. The prequels feature a relatively sleek and new design aesthetic in comparison to the original trilogy. “Wonder Woman” director Patty Jenkins’ next project will take her to a galaxy far, far away. Along with directing 1980's The Empire Strikes Bac k, Irvin Kershner also directed films in the … 81. Star Wars: Rogue Squadron Movie Is Happening with Wonder Woman Director Patty Jenkins. Battles featuring the Ewoks and Gungans against the Empire and Trade Federation, respectively, represent the clash between a primitive society and a more advanced one, similar to the Vietnam-American War. [169] Return of the Jedi was adapted into 6-episodes in 1996, featuring Daniels.[164][169]. [198] By 2012, the first six films produced approximately US$20 billion in merchandising revenue. After penning the novelization of the original film, Foster followed it with the sequel Splinter of the Mind's Eye (1978). [79] Lucas provided Kennedy his story treatments for the sequels during the 2012 sale,[80] but in 2015 it was revealed Lucas's sequel outline had been discarded. Irvin KershnerYou have to give Irvin Kershner a lot of points by default, simply because he directed … Each film was released two days later in the U.S. Not to be confused with the board game with the same name published in 1990, In his early drafts, Lucas used the plot point of a dictator staying in power with the support of the military. [187] Katarn is a former stormtrooper who joins the Rebellion and becomes a Jedi,[179][188][189] a plot arc similar to that of Finn in the sequel trilogy films. [60] Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back was released on May 21, 1980, also achieving wide financial and critical success. [222][223] Darth Vader's design was initially inspired by Samurai armor, and also incorporated a German military helmet. It began a new generation of special effects and high-energy motion pictures. [196][197], The success of the Star Wars films led the franchise to become one of the most merchandised franchises in the world.

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