The oldest recorded spotted leopard was a female named Roxanne living in captivity at McCarthy's Wildlife Sanctuary in The Acreage, Palm Beach County, Florida. , Its fur tends to grow longer in colder climates.  They are as happy to scavenge a meal as hunt one.  In areas with high tiger populations, such as in the central parts of India's Kanha National Park, leopards are not permanent residents, but transients. , In Kruger National Park, most leopards tend to keep 1 km (1⁄2 mi) apart.  Leopards also kill smaller carnivores like black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox, genet and cheetah. Canines are the four long and pointed teeth on either side of a leopard’s mouth. However, no significant association were found between a conspicuous colour of tail patches and behavioural variables in carnivores. In Greek mythology, the leopard was a symbol of the god Dionysus; who was depicted wearing leopard skin and using leopards as means of transportation. (Biting, Handling & Tips) If you are like me, the thought of getting a new pet, such as a crested Gecko, starts to make you think of all the things that it may or might do (Click here for my 3 Best Crested Gecko Waterfalls to keep them happy).Understanding if it has teeth is important because you need to know if it will even bite you, or if its bites will hurt. In Sri Lanka, wildlife tours are available in Yala and Wilpattu National Parks. A leopard's diet can include insects, fish and reptiles, as well as grazing animals. The way the kill is stored depends on local topography and individual preferences; while trees are preferred in Kruger National Park, bushes are preferred in the plain terrain of the Kalahari. , Fossils of leopard ancestors were excavated in East Africa and South Asia, dating back to the Pleistocene between 2 and 3.5 million years ago.  Outside protected areas, leopards were recorded in mixed agricultural land, secondary forest and production forest between 2008 and 2014.   Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Some of these species steal its kills, kill its cubs and even kill adult leopards. Cubs are known to call their mother with a urr-urr sound. On average, a snow leopard's length is between 75 and 150 cm (30 to 59 in), plus a tail that's 80 to 105 cm (31 to 41 in) long. – wtorkowy raport aktualności", Illuminating the blind spot: A study on illegal trade in Leopard parts in India (2001–2010), "Open, Unregulated Trade in Wildlife in Morocco's Markets", "Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins", "Apex predators decline after an influx of pastoralists in former Central African Republic hunting zones", "Medieval Lion Skulls Reveal Secrets of Tower of London 'Zoo, Ruhuna (Yala) National Park in Sri Lanka: Visitors, Visitation, and Eco-Tourism, "Estimation of leopard population size in a secondary forest within Malaysia's capital agglomeration using unsupervised classification of pugmarks", "Conservation and management prospects of the Persian and Malayan leopards", Leopard Anthology: Research and conservation of leopards in Asia, Asian Leopard Specialist Society: Research, conservation and management of Asian leopard subspecies, Wolves in folklore, religion and mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leopard&oldid=1000048127, National symbols of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. Spots fade toward the white underbelly and the insides and lower parts of the legs. Vendors admitted to have imported skins from sub-Saharan Africa. Fundamentals of Nursing CSET Science Subtest II Life Sciences (217): Practice & Study Guide FTCE Earth & Space … , The leopard has the largest distribution of all wild cats, occurring widely in Africa as well as the Caucasus and Asia, although populations are fragmented and declining. , In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group recognized the following eight subspecies as valid taxa:, The Balochistan leopard population possibly evolved in the south of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, being separated from the northern population by the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut deserts. , Following Linnaeus' first description, 27 leopard subspecies were proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956.  Surveys conducted at the beginning of the 21st century revealed that the ranges of both species overlap in this region, especially in protected areas where ungulate densities are high and human disturbance is low. The fur tends to be grayish in colder climates, and dark golden in rain forest habitats.  In a South African reserve, a male was wounded in a male–male territorial battle over a carcass. When a tiger killed baits at sites formerly frequented by leopards, the leopards did not hunt there for some time. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because leopard populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, and are declining in large parts of the global range. It is considered to be extirpated in North Africa.  Leopard fossils were also found in Japan and Sumatra. The leopard's rosettes differ from those of the jaguar, which are darker and with smaller spots inside.  Later analysis revealed a ninth valid subspecies, the Arabian leopard. In areas such as Sri Lanka, reserves in Central Asia and the Middle East and most of the montane and tropical rainforests of Africa, the leopard is the remaining top terrestrial predator present and often take varied prey of various sizes, including at times large ungulates weighing hundreds of kilograms, although they also takes smaller prey such as monkeys where ungulates are scarce. , The whitish spots on the back of its ears are thought to play a role in communication. Since 1996, only eight subspecies have been considered valid on the basis of mitochondrial analysis. In Manchuria and Siberia, they mate during January and February. Leopards have been observed walking 1–25 km (1⁄2–15 1⁄2 mi) across their range at night; they may even wander up to 75 km (47 mi) if disturbed. Its belly is whitish and its ringed tail is shorter than its body. Juveniles have woolly fur, and appear to be dark-coloured due to the densely arranged spots. , In Java, leopards inhabit dense tropical rainforests and dry deciduous forests at altitudes from sea level to 2,540 m (8,330 ft).  Around three months of age, the young begin to follow the mother on hunts.  An adult leopard was recovered from the stomach of a 5.5 m (18 ft 1 in) Burmese python.  In sub-Saharan Africa, it is still numerous and surviving in marginal habitats where other large cats have disappeared. Surveyed landscapes included elevations below 2,600 m (8,500 ft) in the Shivalik Hills and Gangetic plains, Central India and Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, as well as the Brahmaputra River basin and hills in Northeast India. Where there are many scavengers around the prey is carried up into a tree and wedged among the branches. They’re sharp at the tips and gain girth quickly, to penetrate hard surfaces (like skulls). But at about two weeks of age their eyes open, and a week later the teeth start to emerge, and they begin to walk on wobbly legs. A study in Tomales Bay in northern California determined that they depart when the water temperature drops below 10–12 °C (50–54 °F); one tagged shark was found to have … , Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. Snow leopard, also called ounce, large long-haired Asian cat, classified as either Panthera uncia or Uncia uncia in the family Felidae. If the shark is quick enough, it can grab the siphon in its teeth and yank it out of the sand, occasionally getting the whole clam in the process.  The modern leopard is suggested to have evolved in Africa about 0.5 to 0.8 million years ago and to have radiated across Asia about 0.2 and 0.3 million years ago. While luxury establishments may boast the fact that wild animals can be seen at close range on a daily basis, the leopard's camouflage and propensity to hide and stalk prey typically make leopard sightings rare. , The lion passant guardant or leopard is a frequently used charge in heraldry, most commonly appearing in groups of three.  Mugger crocodiles reportedly killed an adult leopard in Rajasthan. , Compared to other wild cats, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull. Catfish do not have teeth in the traditional sense. , Felis pardus was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. In Sri Lanka, a few recorded vicious fights between leopards and sloth bears apparently result in both animals winding up either dead or grievously injured.  Leopard fossils dating to the Pleistocene were also excavated in the Japanese archipelago. The expected time for the fixation of this recessive allele due to genetic drift alone ranged from about 1,100 years to about 100,000 years. It measured 262 cm (8 ft 7 in). In spring 2013, 37 leopard skins were found during a 7-week long market survey in major Moroccan cities. In Peninsular Malaysia, leopards are present in Belum-Temengor, Taman Negara and Endau-Rompin National Parks. In the Serengeti, they are as small as 33–38 km2 (12 1⁄2–14 1⁄2 sq mi) for males and 14–16 km2 (5 1⁄2–6 sq mi) for females, and as large as 451 km2 (174 sq mi) for males and 188 km2 (72 1⁄2 sq mi) for females in northeastern Namibia. Neofelis diverged about 8.66 million years ago from the Panthera lineage. Smaller prey, such as mice, rats and birds, rarely stand a chance. They contain no incisiform teeth and feed using suction and gulping. , The leopard is a solitary and territorial animal. Females typically weigh 46 to 132 pounds (21 to 60 kilograms) and males usually weigh around 80 to 165 lbs. A single swipe of a leopard’s paw will … In southern China, leopards were recorded only in the Qinling Mountains during surveys in 11 nature reserves between 2002 and 2009. In western and central Asia, it avoids deserts, areas with long snow cover and proximity to urban centres. Thus, the sand tiger shark possesses 85 to 94 teeth in total. , Prey as heavy as a 550 kg (1,210 lb) giraffe is hunted, especially in areas that lack larger carnivores such as lions or tigers since they do not need to drag prey up trees to retain it. A puppy has 28 deciduous teeth, also known as milk teeth, which begin to appear two weeks after birth and are usually completely grown in 8-10 … The leopard seal is earless, about 10 to 12 feet long (females slightly larger than males), weighs between 800 and 1000 pounds, and always seems to be smiling because the edges of its mouth curl upward. Another litter was born in 1961, in which all the offspring were spotted and bigger than a juvenile leopard. The mean leopard density decreased significantly (from 9.76 to 2.07 animals per 100 km2 (39 sq mi)) while the mean density of tigers increased (from 3.31 to 5.81 animals/100 km2) from 2004–2005 to 2008 in Rajaji National Park following the relocation of pastoralists out of the park. In Chitwan National Park, leopards killed prey ranging from less than 25–100 kg (55–220 lb) in weight with most kills in the 25–50 kg (55–110 lb) range.  The cheetah has small round spots without any rosettes. In the Ivory Coast, the home range of a female was completely enclosed within a male's.  During the Benin Empire, the leopard was commonly represented on engravings and sculptures and was used to symbolize the power of the king or oba, since the leopard was considered the king of the forest.  Rosettes are circular in East African leopard populations, and tend to be squarish in Southern African and larger in Asian leopard populations.  Leopards tend to take smaller prey, usually less than 75 kg (165 lb), where tigers are present.   It is muscular, with relatively short limbs and a broad head.  Aggressive encounters are rare, typically limited to defending territories from intruders. , Surveys in the Central African Republic's Chinko area revealed that the leopard population decreased from 97 individuals in 2012 to 50 individuals in 2017.  It primarily hunts at night in most areas. Adults have 32 teeth. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? The Ancient Romans kept leopards in captivity to be slaughtered in hunts as well as be used in executions of criminals. , In Nepal's Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, a melanistic leopard was photographed at an elevation of 4,300 m (14,100 ft) by a camera trap in May 2012. The first litter from this pair was born in November 1959, consisting of a male and a female. , The leopard is a carnivore that prefers medium-sized prey with a body mass ranging from 10–40 kg (22–88 lb). , The leopard is primarily threatened by habitat fragmentation and conversion of forest to agriculturally used land, which lead to a declining natural prey base, human–wildlife conflict with livestock herders and high leopard mortality rates. Prey species in this weight range tend to occur in dense habitat and to form small herds. In India, safaris are offered in Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand national parks as well as in the Pali district of western Rajasthan.. While here, they enjoy the warm, shallow, protected waters of the Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve in La Jolla, California. In 1913, an Algerian newspaper reported a leopard killed that allegedly measured about 275 cm (9 ft 0 in) in total length. In 1917, Reginald Innes Pocock also subordinated the tiger (P. tigris), lion (P. leo), and jaguar (P. onca) to Panthera. With relatively abundant prey and differences in the size of prey selected, tigers and leopards seem to successfully coexist without competitive exclusion or interspecies dominance hierarchies that may be more common to the leopard's co-existence with the lion in savanna habitats. According to National Geographic, jaguars are bigger and bulkier than leopards and can weigh up to 113 kg, compared with the 79 kg of leopard. Females continue to interact with their offspring even after weaning, and have been observed sharing kills with their offspring when they can not obtain any prey. , Resource partitioning occurs where leopards share their range with tigers. , Between 2002 and 2012, at least four leopards were estimated to have been poached per week in India for the illegal wildlife trade of its skins and bones.  Leopards generally seem to avoid encounters with adult bears, but kill vulnerable bear cubs.  A study in Wolong National Nature Reserve in southern China demonstrated variation in the leopard's diet over time; over the course of seven years, the vegetative cover receded, and leopards opportunistically shifted from primarily consuming tufted deer to pursuing bamboo rats and other smaller prey. People start losing their baby teeth and getting their adult set as early as 5 years old.  An Indian leopard killed in Himachal Pradesh in 2016 measured 261 cm (8 ft 7 in) with an estimated weight of 78.5 kg (173 lb); it was perhaps the largest known wild leopard. In one myth, the god was captured by pirates but two leopards appear and rescue him. Due to the leopard's stealth, people often remain unaware that they live in nearby areas.  In the Kalahari Desert, leopards frequently lose kills to brown hyenas, if the leopard is unable to move the kill into a tree.  Although adaptable to human disturbances, leopards require healthy prey populations and appropriate vegetative cover for hunting for prolonged survival and thus rarely linger in heavily developed areas. , The English name 'leopard' comes from Old French: leupart or Middle French: liepart, that derives from Latin: leopardus and Ancient Greek: λέοπάρδος (leopardos). Adults associate only in the mating season. Between January 1996 and March 2009, leopards were photographed at 16 sites in the Malay Peninsula in a sampling effort of more than 1,000 camera trap nights. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. At one year of age, leopard young can probably fend for themselves, but remain with the mother for 18–24 months. The most significantly preferred species are ungulates; impala, bushbuck, common duiker and chital.  It is able to take large prey due to its massive skull and powerful jaw muscles, and is therefore strong enough to drag carcasses heavier than itself up into trees; an individual was seen to haul a young giraffe, weighing nearly 125 kg (276 lb), up 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) into a tree. While more closely related to big cats, the clouded leopard is frequently described as bridging the gap between big and small cats due largely to its smaller stature.  He also lived at the Warsaw Zoo and was Bertie's lifelong companion.  As of 2020, the leopard population within forested habitats in India's tiger range landscapes was estimated at 12,172 to 13,535 individuals. Contemporary records suggest that the leopard occurs in only 25% of its historical global range. Leopard Seal facts - Basics. These teeth bite directly at the nape of the prey’s neck or at the throat. It is also threatened by trophy hunting and poaching. They engaged in poaching large herbivores, sale of bushmeat and trading leopard skins in Am Dafok. How many teeth does a leopard have? Find out what trait these rare cats share with the common squirrel. When did organ music become associated with baseball? , Results of phylogenetic studies based on nDNA and mtDNA analysis showed that the last common ancestor of the Panthera and Neofelis genera is thought to have lived about 6.37 million years ago. Cubs begin solid food between 7 and 10 weeks of age but continue to nurse until 11 to 14 weeks old. , A study of leopards in the Namibian farmlands showed that the size of territories was not significantly affected by sex, rainfall patterns or season; it concluded that the higher the prey availability in an area, the greater the population density of leopards and the smaller the size of territories, but territories tend to expand if there is human interference (which has been notably high in the study area).  The specific name Latin: pardus refers to a male panther. The black panther is common foremost in tropical and subtropical moist forests like the equatorial rainforest of the Malay Peninsula and the tropical rainforest on the slopes of some African mountains such as Mount Kenya. There are about 44 to 48 teeth on the upper jaw of the sand tiger shark and around 41 to 46 teeth on its lower jaw. National Geographic reports, according to Boone Smith – an independent big cat researcher based in Idaho – jaguars also have huge jaw muscles, teeth, and the strongest bite force of any big cat. The chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs. A female leopard and her cub in a tree in the, A female leopard showing white spots on the back of the ears, A female leopard showing white spots on the tail, A female leopard in estrus fights with a male attempting to mate with her, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (.  In southeastern Egypt, a leopard killed in 2017 was the first record in this area in 65 years. The radula acts like a circular saw capable of cutting through vegetation and eating them. This is when the mother most likely teaches he… , Females give birth in a cave, crevice among boulders, hollow tree, or thicket to make a den.  Some leopard populations in the country live quite close to human settlements and even in semi-developed areas.  In the tropical forests of India's Nagarhole National Park, tigers selected prey weighing more than 176 kg (388 lb), whereas leopards selected prey in the 30–175 kg (66–386 lb) range. In the mid-20th century, Amur leopards were absent or very rarely encountered in the Primorye region of the Russian Far East at places where Siberian tigers roamed. Cubs are born with closed eyes, which open four to nine days after birth. In 1953, a lioness and a male leopard were mated in Hanshin Park in Nishinomiya, Japan. Because of his smaller size he can conceal himself in places impossible to a tiger, his need for water is far less, and in veritable demoniac cunning and daring, coupled with the uncanny sense of self-preservation and stealthy disappearance when danger threatens, he has no equal. This hybrid came to be known as a leopon. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate?  Small prey is eaten immediately, while larger carcasses are dragged over several hundred metres and safely cached in trees, bushes or even caves to be consumed later. A leopard has 32 teeth, which are of 3 types – canine teeth, carnassial teeth (molars), and incisors. The modern leopard is suggested to have evolved in Africa about and to have radiated across Asia about 0.2 and Fossil cat teeth collected in Sumatra 's Padang Highlands were assigned to the leopard. She died in December 2010 at the age of 24. The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. The Amur Leopard waits for just the right moment to lunge at their prey and bite down on their neck to kill it fast. The teeth of all felines are very similiar - so if you are having trouble finding information on the snow leopard - you can research cat teeth in general. In the Serengeti, leopards have been observed to ambush prey by jumping down on it from trees. , Leopard populations on the Arabian Peninsula are small and fragmented. These effective predators live in frigid Antarctic and sub-Antarctic waters, where they also eat penguins. In a reserved forest of southern India, species preyed upon by leopard, dhole and striped hyena overlapped considerably. , Males occupy territories that often overlap with a few smaller female territories, probably as a strategy to enhance access to females. Like any newborn kitten, clouded leopard cubs are small and helpless at birth. There, the two species have high dietary overlap, and an increase in the tiger population resulted in a sharp decrease in the leopard population and a shift in the leopard diet to small prey (from 9% to 36%) and domestic prey (from 6.8% to 31.8%). The average snow leopard weighs between 22 and 55 kg (49 to 121 lb).  P. p. begoueni from the beginning of the Early Pleistocene was replaced about 0.6 million years ago by P. p. sickenbergi, which in turn was replaced by P. p. antiqua around 0.3 million years ago. They were common near villages at the periphery of the park and outside the park. In general, leopard geckos have 100 teeth. In Thailand, leopards are present in the Western Forest Complex, Kaeng Krachan-Kui Buri, Khlong Saeng-Khao Sok protected area complexes and in Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary bordering Malaysia. More than 100 prey species were recorded. , The maximum weight of a wild leopard in Southern Africa was about 96 kg (212 lb). (36 to 75 kg), according to the San Diego Zoo.  Additionally, a 2016 study revealed that the mitochondrial genomes of the leopard, lion and snow leopard are more similar to each other than their nuclear genomes, indicating that their ancestors hybridized with the snow leopard at some point in their evolution. The rest of the teeth have a variable structure, which is either attached to the dentary bones or maxilla.  Lions occasionally fetch leopard kills from trees. The leopard is a strong cat. Leopard sharks arrive in San Diego in massive numbers during warm summer months, and have been observed to be mostly pregnant females! Their pelage is also more gray in colour with less defined spots. Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic are known as black panthers. It has been hypothesized that the white tips of their tails may function as a 'follow-me' signal in intraspecific communication. Female leopard seals, the larger of the two sexes, can … The Amur Leopard has many more adaptations but …  Author and big game hunter, Kenneth Anderson, had first-hand experience with many man-eating leopards, and described them as far more threatening than tigers: Although examples of such animals are comparatively rare, when they do occur they depict the panther [leopard] as an engine of destruction quite equal to his far larger cousin, the tiger. There may be a few other fluctuating territories, belonging to young individuals. The reason why some of them have less than 100 teeth is not known to scientists. They’re the Third Largest Seal in the World. #3 (behavior) The Amur Leopard can run at speeds of up to 37 MPH this helps them catch their prey.  The guard hairs protecting the basal hairs are short, 3–4 mm (1⁄8–5⁄32 in) in face and head, and increase in length toward the flanks and the belly to about 25–30 mm (1–1 1⁄8 in). , Like most cat species, the leopard has a diploid chromosome number of 38. , The largest skull recorded for a black panther from India, recorded in 1920, measured 28 cm (11 in) in basal length, and 20 cm (8 in) in breadth, and weighed 1,000 g (2 lb 4 oz). Leopards have 32 teeth. , In South Africa, safaris are offered in numerous nature reserves such as in Sabi Sand Game Reserve.   In 2014, 43 leopard skins were detected during two surveys in Morocco.  In western African forests and Tsavo National Park, leopards have been also observed hunting by day. These are about 2 inches (5 centimeters) long.  Analysis of leopard scat in Taï National Park revealed that primates, except for chimpanzee and potto, are primary leopard prey during the day. , In Sri Lanka, leopards were recorded in Yala National Park and in unprotected forest patches, tea estates, grasslands, home gardens, pine and eucalyptus plantations. It has proportionately short legs and a long tail. Rangers confiscated large amounts of poison in the camps of livestock herders who were accompanied by armed merchants.  Territories recorded in Nepal's Bardia National Park, 48 km2 (18 1⁄2 sq mi) for males and 5–7 km2 (2–2 1⁄2 sq mi) for females, are smaller than those generally observed in Africa. The leopard is a sister taxon to a clade within Panthera, consisting of the lion and the jaguar. The estrous cycle lasts about 46 days and the female usually is in heat for 6–7 days.  Leopards living in arid regions are pale cream, yellowish to ochraceous and rufous in colour; those living in forests and mountains are much darker and deep golden. Leopards have sharp teeth in which to grab onto their prey. However, many seals have spots. Species that prefer open areas and developed significant anti-predator strategies are less preferred. It is not clear if male territories overlap as much as those of females do. , The leopard depends mainly on its acute senses of hearing and vision for hunting. It kills small prey with a bite on the back of the neck, but holds larger animals by the throat and strangles them.   The heraldic leopard lacks spots and sports a mane, making it visually almost identical to the heraldic lion, and the two are often used interchangeably. The generic name Panthera was first used by Lorenz Oken in 1816, who included all the known spotted cats into this group. There is considerable potential for human-leopard conflict due to leopards preying on livestock.  Four European Pleistocene leopard subspecies were proposed. Do leopard geckos have teeth cause when we hold him he hisses and tries to bit and we want to make sure? Keep in mind that not having incisiform teeth does not mean they don’t have any teeth at all. Leopard-like fossil bones and teeth possibly dating to the Pliocene were excavated in Perrier in France, northeast of London, and in Valdarno, Italy.  The word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a cheetah. If you think about your own teeth, you'll notice you have several different shapes, and each of the types of teeth you have... See full answer below.  The largest prey killed by a leopard was reportedly a male eland weighing 900 kg (2,000 lb). Their canines are rounded at the front and sharp at the back.   It is similar in appearance to the jaguar, but has a smaller, lighter physique, and its rosettes are generally smaller, more densely packed and without central spots.  They are even larger in arid and montane areas.  The phonetically similar Sanskrit: पाण्डर (pând-ara) means pale yellow, whitish or white.  The generation length of the leopard is 9.3 years. Instead of an arrangement in rows, they have a ribbon-like flexible band of microscopic teeth known as a radula. But here is some info - I hope it helps! Researchers have found that the rate of infanticide among leopards is quite high: As many as four in 10 leopard cub deaths occur at the mouths of … [ 3 ] it is still numerous and surviving in marginal habitats where other large cats disappeared! Africa allegedly were as large as Barbary lions and striped hyena overlapped considerably for how many teeth does a leopard have, but holds larger by... Kills from trees uncia uncia in the North, leave their coastal in! 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